The beauty is associated with beauty. It is a subjective appreciation: what is beautiful for one person, may not be for another. However, it is known as beauty canon to certain characteristics that society, in general, considers as attractive, desirable, and beautiful.
The conception of beauty can vary between different cultures and change over the years. Beauty produces a pleasure that comes from sensory manifestations, and that can be felt by sight (for example, with a person who is considered physically attractive) or by hearing (when listening to a pleasant voice or music). On the other hand, smell, taste, and touch are not related to beauty.
Beyond the sensory manifestation, it is possible to consider some abstract and conceptual things as beautiful. A moral reflection can be highlighted as a beautiful text: what matters, in this case, is what is said and not how it is said (that is, beauty is not on paper or the computer screen).
One of the most extended canons of beauty in harmony. Humans tend to think that harmony and proper proportions are desirable.
The opposite of beauty is ugliness, which causes no pleasure but discontent and generates a negative perception of the object in question.
From the origins of this branch of science, an attempt has been made to establish a stable definition of what beauty means and two firmly marked lines have achieved.
On that affirms that it is a subjective concept, subject to the experiences and ideas of each in particular, and the other that recognizes it as something standardized and firm, that responds to a set of principles established as “normal.”
It is necessary to ask a series of questions beforehand, such as: To which objects can the beauty category be applied? What are the codes that transcend cultural and temporal norms?
Plato was the first to develop a treatise on the concept of beauty that would have a great impact in the West, taking certain ideas embodied by Pythagoras on the meaning of beauty as harmony and proportion and merging it with the idea of splendor. For him, beauty comes from a reality alien to the world that the human being is not able to fully perceive. He said:
“Of justice, then, and of good sense and of what is valuable in souls, there is no brightness in the imitation here below, and only with effort and through unclear organs, it is given to a few, relying on the images, intuiting the genre of what has represented.
Possibly to this day, one of the most accepted theories regarding this topic is the one proposed by relativism, which says that things are beautiful or ugly according to the purpose they pursue.