Whenever anyone is exposed to sunlight, there is always that feeling associated with it. Still, on the flip side, you are also in danger of experiencing adverse effects of the ultraviolet rays present in the sunlight. These rays, according to various researchers, are responsible for 80% skin-related conditions and aging. Having in mind that daylight is inevitable as we engage in our day to day activities; the following are the possible adverse effects on your skin together with their treatment:
Freckles are brown or tan spots on your skin made of skin cells that contain pigment melanin triggered by sun exposure. Various methods for freckles treatment include:
- Laser treatment. Laser treatment involves concentrating intense light in the damaged area, thus removing the spots. This treatment takes two or three weeks to recover from laser treatment.
- Sunscreen. They are not designed for treating the condition but preventing new freckles. They should be worn all year round in all weather conditions.
- Cryosurgery. It uses extremely cold liquid nitrogen to destroy abnormal skin cells. This process is generally safe and has less recovery time.
- Fading cream. This cream contains hydroquinone that is responsible for suppressing melanin and lightening the affected area of the skin. Hydroquinone is said to be safe if not used more than 2% in the creams used in bleaching.
- Retinoid cream. This is a vitamin A product that offers photoprotection by absorbing vitamin B radiation. They help in improving sun-damaged skin and prevent new freckles from forming.
- Chemical peel. They exfoliate and peel off damaged skin areas using a chemical solution. A moderate skin peel containing trichloroacetic or glycolic acid penetrates the skin middle layers and removes the broken skin. Once this happens, a new surface is generated. According to various researches and studies, chemical peel takes up to two weeks to heal.
This is a condition that your skin turns pink and painful. Sunburns occur when there is damage to your skin cell’s DNA, whereas there are many ways to ease the pain, a few remedies to counter the loss before it becomes permanent. The use of spectrum sunscreen and sticking to the shade will give your skin enzyme time to repair some of the damaged DNA.
The sun can dry up your skin and leave you with a lizard-like look. To get away with this use scrub to exfoliate and remove the top layer of the dead skin and later moisturize with lotion.
Actinic keratosis (AK)
These are crusty, scaly patches formed in the skin due to damages from the sun. Without treatment, 10% of them may turn to be skin cancer. With other medications used to treat different skin conditions, the doctor may prescribe the following;
- Prescription gels. These are creams that are directly applied to the affected area. They cause the skin to create an interferon chemical that kills precancerous cells.
- Photodynamic therapy. This is the medication that makes your skin very sensitive to light. The doctor points an intense blue or red light into your skin to switch the treatment to destroy AK.
In conclusion, ultraviolet rays are harmful to your skin, if already experienced any of the above condition. The most important thing is to visit a dermatologist to evaluate your situation and prescribe the best medication. For those who are safe from any disease, the best thing is to protect yourself from the ultraviolet rays with safe habits.